Your Perfect Assignment is Just a Click Away

Starting at $8.00 per Page

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to Your instructions!


early selection models of attention

early selection models of attention

Reply to:


When it comes to attention, early selection models of attention are defined by the textbook as “the idea that a stimulus could be selected for further processing or be tossed out as irrelevant before perceptual analysis of the stimulus is complete” (Gazzaniga et al., 2019, p. 284).  In short, perception of the stimulus is not required prior to selecting its relevance. A filter might include the selection of relevant information from basic features, such as color, pitch, or direction of stimuli. An example of early selection models of attention could be Broadbent’s filter model. Donald Broadbent hypothesized that the information-processing system has “bottlenecks” in which sensory inputs are screened early through a sort of gating-mechanism, and only the most important stimuli will be processed, and the rest would be considered irrelevant and tossed out. One example of this may be the Cocktail Party Effect. At a party, there may be many people talking at once, including the person you are having a conversation with. Selective auditory attention enables you to participate in the conversation while ignoring the rest of the people talking around you. Through selective attention, one can perceive the signal of interest among other stimuli, and this would be considered a “top-down, goal-directed” system of attention.

Late selection models of attention are defined in the textbook as when the “perceptual system first processes all inputs equally and then selection takes place at higher stages of information processing that determine whether the stimuli gain access to awareness, are encoded in memory, or initiate a response” (Gazzaniga et al., 2019, p. 284). This suggests that stimuli are less selected based on physical characteristics, but instead on meaning. The unattended information is noticed but not passed into attention. This type of attention would be “bottom-up”. An example of late selection models of attention might be how a high school cafeteria likely has many students chatting at once. A person might catch a word or two from multiple other people, maybe someone’s name or gossip about your teacher, but the conscious attention is mostly with the person you’re conversing with across the table.

Overall, early selection mechanisms of attention influence the processing of sensory inputs before the completion of perceptual analysis, compared to late selection mechanisms of attention, which would only act after complete perceptual processing of the sensory inputs, at stages where the information had been recorded as a somatic or a categorical representation (Gazzaniga et al., 2019). Thank you for reading!

"Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.